ARTH 247 Handout 10

ARTH 247 Handout 10 - Iwan a vault closed on one end and...

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ARTH 247 October 16, 2009 Sunni Revival: Seljuks of Iran and Central Asia The Sunni Revival: The term used to designate a religious and political movement which sought the destruction of the Shi‘ite principalities in the eastern Islamic world and more importantly sought the elimination of the Shi‘ite grip (under the Buyids) on the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. This movement culminated with the establishment of the Seljuk Empire. The Seljuks sponsored and fostered a renaissance of Sunni theology and jurisprudence. Seljuks (1038-1194): A Turkish Sunni dynasty that ruled the whole Iranian world (including Khurasan and Transoxania), Iraq, Syria, and parts of Anatolia. Sufism: A mystical tradition of Sunni Islam. Four Iwan Type: A structure with cross-axes ending in four iwans surrounding a courtyard. In four-iwan mosques and madrasas, the prayer hall is the largest iwan.
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Unformatted text preview: Iwan: a vault closed on one end and open on at the other. The Great Mosque at Isfahan (9th century, 11th and 12th century): An early hypostyle Abbasid mosque with cylindrical, brick piers to which the Seljuks added two monumental domes, one on the qibla side (built by Nizam al-Mulk between 1072 and 1075) and one on the northern side (1088-89), and four iwans in the centers of its four porticoes overlooking the courtyard built in the early 12th century. Congregational Mosque at Ardestan (10 th-11 th century, extensively rebuilt in the 16 th century under the Safavids). An example of the four-iwan plan. Ceramics • Minai Beaker with scenes from the Shahnama (the Persian Book of Kings), 13 th century, Iran • Kashan Mihrab, 1226, Iran Metalwork • Incense Burner in Feline Form, late 11 th-12 th century, Iran ARTH 247 October 16, 2009...
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ARTH 247 Handout 10 - Iwan a vault closed on one end and...

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