mughal - 11/20/09 Architecture of Islamic India: the...

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11/20/09 Architecture of Islamic India: the Sultanates and the Mughals Muslim Dynasties in Delhi : The Mamluk kings of Delhi (1193-1290) The Khaljis of Delhi (1290-1320) The Tughluqid Dynasty of Delhi (1320-1414) Terms and People Trabeate Architecture Arcuate Architecture The Mughals of India: A dynasty whose founder Babur (1526-30) was a descendent of Genghis Khan and Timur. They ruled most of India for three centuries before direct British rule was set in 1858. The period between Babur's reign and 1707, when five of his descendants, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangazeb ruled is considered the age of the Great Mughals. Chahar Bagh: (Persian, four gardens) four-fold garden with a cruciform plan. Hasht-Bihisht: (Persian, eight paradises) A late name to an old type of building that has a symmetrical plan with eight parts surrounding a central chamber that is almost always domed. Pietra Dura: Semi-precious stone (lapis, onyx, jasper, topaz, and cornelian) inlays
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mughal - 11/20/09 Architecture of Islamic India: the...

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