The Architecture of the Safavid Period

The Architecture of the Safavid Period - 525 ft it was the...

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The Architecture of the Safavid Period The Safavids (1501-1732): Of an obscure origin which is most probably Sunni and Kurdish, the Safavids (named after a sufi master, Shaykh Safi) forged for themselves an illustrious genealogy that goes back to ‘Ali, and proceeded to forcibly change Iran into a Shi‘ite state. Shah ‘Abbas I (1588-1629): The greatest Safavid monarch, he moved the capital to Isfahan in 1598, and built there a royal city that extended to the south of the old city and connected it with the Ziyanda river via a wide avenue, the Chahar Bagh (Four Gardens) Avenue. Buildings/Objects [key objects/buildings in bold ] All buildings are in Isfahan and belong to the Safavid dynasty. The Maidan-i-Shah, early 17 th century : Among the largest open squares in the world (1700 by
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Unformatted text preview: 525 ft), it was the focal point of Shah ‘Abbas’ plan. Its four sides were lined up with shops on two levels, and each side of the Maidan had a monumental structure in its center. It has a bazaar on the north side. The Mosque of Shaykh Lutfallah situated in the east of the Maidan with its golden tiled dome. It was constructed for an important shaykh in 1602 and used as the private oratory of the shah and his family. The Masjid-i-Shah : The congregational 4-iwan mosque built between 1612 and 1638 that marks the south of the Maidan. Ali Qapu : built between 1597 and 1660 in Isfahan. Chihil Sutun (“Forty Columns”): a garden pavilion built by Shah Abbas II in 1647. Many murals have been preserved here. ....
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