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IME 320-W10 - Exam 1 Notes

IME 320-W10 - Exam 1 Notes - 1 Cognition how the brain...

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LONG-TERM MEMORY Perception Thought Decision Making WORKING MEMORY Response Selection Response Execution ATTENTION RESOURCES FEEDBACK PERCEPTUAL ENCODING CENTRAL PROCESSING RESPONDING Human Information Processing “Brain” SENSORY REGISTER 1. Cognition : how the brain works Sensory vs. Perception 5 ways to Receive Input the 5 senses Noise Remediation : manipulating noise At the source - pull the plug ; Deaden the environment - soundproof the room ; The listener - wear ear muffs Minor Senses Tactile : how you feel, sense of touch o Tactile sense affects balance Haptic : recognizing the shape of an object relates to sense of touch Proprioception : knowledge of finger position relates to sense of touch Kinesthesis : sense of motion Olfactory : sense of smell Attention Selective Attention Salience : attentional capture; a striking feature o Can be tactile - something you have to touch ; Alert stimuli ; Can be auditory Does it take an effort? - Should be minimal o Expectancy - A re you expecting something to happen so you are more alert? ; What is the quality of the information? o Value - Do you select what you pay attention to b/c you value some inputs more than others? Situational Awareness Situational Awareness : the meaning of dynamic changes in the environment o The acknowledgement of on-going changes in the environment 3 Parts 1. Perception --> of environmental elements within a volume of time & space 2. Understanding --> comprehension of the elements' meaning 3. Projection --> of the environmental elements & their status in the future To Aid Situational Awareness Easy to interpret displays o Ex: the dials on the dashboard of a car should be clear & easy to read in changing conditions o Easy to understand – timely; correct information Easy to predict Error recovery Training Mental Workload Measuring mental workload requires analyzing the difficulty & multi-tasking, automatic response (acquired knowledge) of the workload. You rank based on difficulty
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Time-sharing Overload Task re-design Interface re-design Training Automation 2. Synergy in Relation to Teamwork Synergy : the whole is greater than the sum of its parts o It's more beneficial to work in teams than individually b/c you can work off other peoples' skills, ideas, etc. Where others have strengths, you may have weaknesses. o Creates effective teams All members participate, Relaxed atmosphere, Discussion is focused Four Stages of Team Development 1. Forming : initial orientation & interpersonal testing 2. Storming : conflict over tasks & working as a team 3. Norming : consolidating around a task & operating agendas 4. Performing : teamwork & focused task performance Importance of a Bonding Activity Can make working together easier Helps get to know a person (different side) outside of doing school work Can reduce future team conflicts Gain respect for teammates Several Tools which Will Aid in Team Functioning
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IME 320-W10 - Exam 1 Notes - 1 Cognition how the brain...

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