day 16 design and change

day 16 design and change - Organization Design &...

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Organizational Change MS&E 280 – 5/29/08
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Today What do we mean by “organizational  structure” How organizations can be structured What’s the best way to structure  your   organization? Organizational change!
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We do we mean by   “organizational  structure”? Formal reporting relationships (org. chart) Number of levels Span of control Grouping of individuals Formal systems for effective  Communication Coordination Integration
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Types of organizational structures Functional Product Geographic Pdt1 CEO Pdt3 Pdt2 Eng. CEO Mfg. Mkt. East CEO Canada West Divisional
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Types of organizational structures  Matrix Network (or Virtual) CEO Pdt1 Pdt2 Eng. Mfg Mkt. Designers Brokers Producers Suppliers Distributors
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Types of organizational structures Horizontal process managers Process  Team 1 Process  Team 2 Process  Team 3
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There is no one “best” structure Organizations perform best if the structure  fits the  Environmental demands Size
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Types of Structures Size Environment Technology/Tasks Simple small simple/ dynamic non-routine Functional large stable routine Divisional large stable  routine Matrix large complex,  dynamic non-routine Network mixed complex,  dynamic non-routine
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Another structural possibility:   Ambidextrous organizations Separate business  units: Exploitative
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day 16 design and change - Organization Design &...

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