Survey Research Ethics

Survey Research Ethics - Survey Research: Survey Ethics,...

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Survey Research: Survey Ethics, Basic Design & Study Components
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Three Major Contributors to the Development of Survey Research US Census Bureau Commercial Polling Companies Academia
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The Nuremberg Code The Nuremberg Code contains 10 points, four of which are related to survey research 1) Informed consent is essential 2) The risks should be justified by the anticipated results 3) Only qualified researchers should conduct research 4) Physical and mental suffering should be avoided
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Case studies in survey ethics Deceit Deceit Lack of informed consent Lack of informed consent Rights of respondents Rights of respondents Manipulation of respondents Manipulation of respondents Research on vulnerable populations Research on vulnerable populations Undue risk Undue risk No benefit No benefit
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Wichita Jury Study (1953)
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Jury Study Issues Lack informed consent Deceptive Violated the rights of the jurors and defendant
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The Tea Room Study
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Tea Room Issues Use of a vulnerable population Researchers were manipulative Lack of informed consent
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The Syphilis Study
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Syphilis Study Issues Lacked informed consent Deceptive practices of researchers Put participants and their families at risk Exploited a vulnerable group of subjects No benefit
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Something good out of something BAD. . . In 1974 the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects in Biomedical and Behavioral Research was formed This commission produced the Belmont Report
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3 Basic Principles Outlined in the Belmont Report 1) Respect for persons – Respondents (R) have a right to choose -Respect for privacy -Informed consent 2) Beneficence – Kindness/Charity -Minimize harm, maximize benefit -Have the best design possible -Design should fit the research -Manage risk to participants & hire competent researchers -Prohibit research without a favorable risk/benefit analysis 3) Justice – Treat people fairly -Distribute benefits/burden equally across respondents -No exploitation of subjects -Fair selection of respondents
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Risk vs. Benefit Risks can be quantified! What is the probability of occurrence for an event? - An itch vs. death/Emotional discomfort vs. psychotic break A benefit is the value associated with being part of the study -Can be a therapeutic outcome -Respondents may find it pleasurable or enjoyable -Benefits should not be coercive -Prizes, monetary incentives, services, etc. are NOT a benefit to participation
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Informed Consent “…the knowing consent of an individual or his
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Survey Research Ethics - Survey Research: Survey Ethics,...

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