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Bureaucracy - The Bureaucracy Chapter 8 In this chapter we...

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The Bureaucracy Chapter 8
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In this chapter we will learn about the definition of bureaucracy the evolution, organization, and roles of the federal bureaucracy politics inside the bureaucracy the relationship between the federal bureaucracy and the branches of the federal government
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What is bureaucracy? An organization characterized by hierarchical structure, worker specialization, explicit rules, and advancement by merit Goal is neutral competence: the principle that bureaucracy should be depoliticized by making it more professional
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What is bureaucracy?, cont’d . Classic definition from Max Weber highlights Hierarchy: clear chain of command and responsibility Specialization: tasks divided by expertise Explicit rules: rules rather than preferences govern decisions; have standardization, predictability Merit: hiring based on exams and experience, not politics
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The spoils system Nineteenth-century practice of rewarding political supporters with public office Patronage was undone by civil service reforms, such as the Pendleton Act (1993) and the Hatch Act (1939) Bureaucracies no longer staffed by patronage
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Why is bureaucracy necessary? Large tasks require organization and specialization Bureaucracies exist in private sector too Because expertise is required in many decisions, democracy not the best way to make every decision
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Possible drawbacks of bureaucracy
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