Parties & Interest Groups

Parties & Interest Groups - Parties and Interest...

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Parties and Interest Groups Chapter 11
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In this chapter we will learn about the role of political parties in a democracy the American party system the various roles interest groups play and the types of interest groups in the U.S. political system how interest groups attempt to exert their political influence the resources that different interest groups bring to bear in influencing government decisions
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The role of parties in a democracy Political linkage Unification of a fragmented government A voice for the opposition
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Three components of political parties Party organization Party-in-government Party-in-the-electorate
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The history of parties in America Andrew Jackson and the rise of party machines Domination of party bosses in the cities Democratization of political parties and the creation of the party primary
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The history of party eras Critical elections that lead to realignments Five agreed-upon party eras A sixth party era?
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A sixth party era? No clear national realignment The demise of the New Deal coalition Regional realignment in the South Dealignment: reduction in party identifiers into 1980s but increase in party identifiers since then
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What do the parties stand for? Democrats Government action to solve social problems, but want government generally to stay out of their personal, religious, or moral lives Republicans Government should provide social and moral order, but should play little role in the economy
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Characteristics of the American party system Two parties Few serious political splits Ability to change with the time The rules of the game!! Legal barriers faced by third parties
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Characteristics of the American party system, cont’d. Ideological moderation Decentralized party organizations National committees Congressional campaign committees State party committees Local party organizations
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Characteristics of the American party system, cont’d. Changes in party discipline over time
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Parties & Interest Groups - Parties and Interest...

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