day15.culture

day15.culture - + Culture & Ethnicity November 2 + What...

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+ November 2
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+ What is Culture? Culture is the criteria we use to delineate social groups. Skin color Ethnic background Language Customs and traditions SES/Social class/ Income
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+ Why Do Health Psychologists Care About Culture? There are pronounced and persistent group differences in mental and physical health based on culture. These differences are called Health Disparities. gender, race and ethnicity, education, income, disability, geography, or sexual orientation
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+ Examples of Health Disparities 1. Black people and Ethnic Hawaiians are more likely to get lung cancer than White people. 2. Black people and Hispanic people are less likely to get melanoma than White people.
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+ There is in every state a necessary social order among the citizens, inseparable from any form of government. The inequality in the distribution of wealth determines the different social classes. Since every social class must have its own diseases determined by the different mode of living, we must expect that under any form of government the rich and the poor will have diseases peculiar to them. --Johann Peter Frank, 1790 Early Notice of Health Disparities by Culture
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+ Opposite of Health Disparities: Health Equity Everyone has a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential and no one should be disadvantaged from achieving it. For equal need, everyone has equal access to available care, equal utilization of care, and equal quality of care.
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Health Disparities: History 1985: Heckler Report: 60,000 excess deaths per year because of health disparities. 1999: Surgeon General David Satcher leads NIH to adopt a definition of health disparities. 2000: Minority Health and Health Disparities
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day15.culture - + Culture & Ethnicity November 2 + What...

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