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4111lec6N - uggen lecture 6 finish social control learning...

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uggen soc 4111 1 Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 1 lecture 6: finish: social control & learning part III: Methods government/official statistics and surveys Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 2 how do we know the social facts? • 4 basic sources – government and official statistics • FBI’s UCR, EEOC, Census… – surveys • GSS, MTF, NLSY, – experiments – qualitative approaches • field research, intensive interviews, archival work … • Bias, validity and reliability Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 3 official statistics • Adlers: – cheap/easy (?) – often include population/not sample – validity and systematic biases – “shallow and unreliable” • Uggen: – extremely valuable – often very reliable – changes tell us a lot about deviance
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uggen soc 4111 2 Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 4 examples EEOC – equal employment opportunity commission discrimination as deviance – changes in who files and why UCR – uniform crime reports • Imprisonment Suicide (NIMH) Priest sexual abuse (?) MN voting and recidivism records Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 5 Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 6 Figure 5: Incarceration Rates Per 100,000 by Country, 2000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Japan Sweden Switzerland France Italy Netherlands Germany Canada Australia Spain United Kingdom South Africa Kyrgyzstan Bermuda Belize US Virgin Islands Bahamas Kazakhstan Belarus Cayman Islands Russia USA
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uggen soc 4111 3 Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 7 Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 8 Chris Uggen – Sociology 4111 9 child abuse reporting Douglas Besharov and Lisa Laumann 1996 “measurement artifact” in reporting trends – legal change : professionals (who?) must report physical abuse and neglect, sexual
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