4111lec9N - uggen soc 4111 1 Week 9: money crime 1....

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Unformatted text preview: uggen soc 4111 1 Week 9: money crime 1. individual street crime (catch-up) 2 individual occupational deviance Chris Uggen Sociology 4111 1 2. individual occupational deviance 3. criminal organizations 4. political crime 5. corporate deviance 6. leaving deviance 1. Individual Property Crime Most crime is economic behavior 90% of crime index offenses are economic New studies of illegal earnings Levitt & Venkatesh (2000) drug gang Chris Uggen Sociology 4111 2 Violence, but not wanton; leaders McCarthy & Hagan (2001) street youth Competence, collaboration, criminal capital Uggen & Thompson (2003) ex-offenders Drugs as illegal earnings imperative Clinards distinction: occasional (almost everybody) v. career offenders property crime declining (burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft) Chris Uggen Sociology 4111 3 uggen soc 4111 2 2. Individual occupational crime White-collar crime law violation committed in the context of the offenders legitimate occupation Sutherland (1949) defined as crime by Chris Uggen Sociology 4111 4 person of respectability and high social status (occupational is broader) Most violate trust (fraud) and power Professional white-collar crime and deviance (priests, professors, others) Examples that Uggen could commit? Cressey (1953) on embezzlers Interviewed financial trust violators who accepted trust in good faith, then violated it 3-stage sequence: A perceived unshareable financial problem that can be secretly resolved by violating financial Chris Uggen Sociology 4111 5 trust They created rationalizations (only borrowing) to protect their conventional self-concept. When they cannot repay, they get nervous - verbalization breaks down. A few adopt a criminal role Critique: Low self-control (Gottfredson and Hirschi) dispute sophistication and planning Trahan, Marquart, and Mullings (2005) Ponzi Schemes From Charles Carlo Ponzi to Bernie Madoff Tom Petters (MN) Jack Barnes (TX) Others? Fraud with some organizational structure Chris Uggen Sociology 4111 6 Fictitious investment opportunities Structure of deregulation and licit alternatives (e.g., hedge funds) Messner and Rosenfeld: Crime and the American Dream socialization in capitalist system material success goal prized (Merton) Overzealous application of American (?) values uggen soc 4111 3 workplace deviance in MN...
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2010 for the course SOC 4111 taught by Professor Uggen during the Spring '10 term at University of Minnesota Crookston.

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4111lec9N - uggen soc 4111 1 Week 9: money crime 1....

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