4111mtrevw_2010 - Sociology 4111 (Uggen): Deviant Behavior...

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1 Sociology 4111 (Uggen): Deviant Behavior 2010 Midterm Review PART I: BASIC CONCEPTS -- DEVIANCE, CONTROL, AND CAREERS I. Social Facts and Social Constructions II. Defining Deviance a. Clinard’s Definitions of Deviance (Statistical, Absolutist, Reactivist, Normative) b. Adlers’ definition’s i. Deviance as violation of social norms (Attitudes, Behaviors, Conditions, Prescriptive norms, Proscriptive norms) ii. Role iii. Subcultures iv. Power v. Moral entrepreneurs c. Kai Erikson (1966) III. Differences between Criminology and Deviance a. Uggen in The Criminologist : b. positive deviance and typologies c. Heckerts: 10 middle class norms: loyalty, privacy, prudence, conventionality, responsibility, participation, moderation, honesty, peacefulness, courtesy IV. Social Controls and the Hobbesian Problem of Order a. Thomas Hobbes i. “Hobbesian problem of order” ii. How can we create a society in which self-interested people don’t use force and fraud to satisfy their (criminal, sexual, substance-abusing …) wants? iii. 3 “solutions” to Hobbesian dilemma 1. Normative 2. Exchange 3. Conflict iv. Informal social controls v. Formal social controls b. social controls and constructions i. Clinard: Deviant Events in Context ii. Joel Best: Social Constructionism (“the constructionist stance”) c. Race and formal control i. Anderson: police as social control ii. Local perspective/Why focus on police? V. Introduction to Deviant Careers (of people, firms, nations…) a. Becoming Deviant i. Wright and Decker on entering burglary b. Phases of the Deviant Career VI. Subcultures, Power, and “Unconventional Sentimentality” (5 min. video: The Wall) a. Chambliss: Saints and Roughnecks b. Fox: Real Punks and Pretenders c. Social organization of deviance
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2 PART II: THEORIES OF DEVIANCE AND SOCIETAL REACTION VII. Individualistic versus Sociological Theories a. Careers: i. Entry, management, exit b. Subcultures i. Counterculture ii. Internal stratification c. Individualistic theories of deviance i. Biology ii. Psychiatry and Psychology iii. Economics: rational choice iv. Complements or substitutes for sociology d. Individualistic (?) examples i. Adlers on self-injurers ii. Turvey on sexual asphyxia VIII. Functionalism a. Structural theories i. Functionalism, Anomie, Conflict b. Functionalism i. Emile Durkheim ( Rules) 1. Anomie, integration, and social change 2. Normal and pathological ii. Functions 1. Boundary maintenance 2. Safety valve 3. Conflict management 4. Signaling iii. Talcott Parsons’ general theory (not in books) iv. Critique of functionalism IX. Anomie a. Background: Durkheim, Parsons b. Merton’s anomie theory (1938) c. Assumptions i. Variation in motivation for deviance
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This note was uploaded on 06/20/2010 for the course SOC 4111 taught by Professor Uggen during the Spring '10 term at University of Minnesota Crookston.

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4111mtrevw_2010 - Sociology 4111 (Uggen): Deviant Behavior...

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