9.2.09 Mozart's Requiem

9.2.09 Mozart's Requiem - Interpreting Mozarts Requiem and...

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Interpreting Mozart’s Requiem 9/2/09 and 9/9/09
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What is a Requiem? Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead ( Missa pro defunctis ). It begins with the words “Requiem aeternam” (eternal rest). Text is largely the same as that for the Mass (ordinary). The Dies Irae (Day of Wrath) is added and the Credo and Gloria are omitted.
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Many settings: originally as chant (monophonic); famous settings include those by Verdi, Berlioz, and Fauré . Britten’s War Requiem uses the Latin text with poems by Wilfred Owen interspersed. Brahms’ German Requiem uses Biblical texts he himself selected.
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Typical Sections in a Requiem 1. Requiem aeternam; Kyrie eleison (Greek: Lord have mercy) 2. Dies Irae Sequence (In place of Gloria, Credo) a. Tuba mirum (Hark, the Trumpet) b. Liber scriptus (A Book is Written) c. Quid sum miser (How Wretched I am) d. Rex tremendae (King of Glory) e. Recordare (Remember) f. Confutatis (From the Accursed) g. Lacrimosa (Lamentation)
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3. Domine Jesu Christe (Lord Jesus Christ) 4. Sanctus (Holy) 5. Agnus Dei (Lamb of God) 6. Lux aeterna (Eternal Light) 7. Libera me (Deliver me)
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Mozart’s Requiem Mozart died December 5 th 1791 Family had a large amount of debt Requiem commissioned by Count Franz von Walsegg whose wife had recently died
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Mozart died in the middle of writing the work. Parts of it were performed at a benefit concert for his family five days after he died. Requiem aeternam : completed by Mozart Kyrie : Only vocal parts and basso continuo finished Dies Irae to Confutatis : only vocal parts and basso continuo finished
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Lacrimosa : only first eight bars of vocal parts and basso continuo finished, plus two measures of violin and viola parts Domine : only vocal parts and basso continuo finished; other parts occasionally notated
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