Roman de Fauvel - Ars Nova (New Manner/Art) Early 14 th...

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Unformatted text preview: Ars Nova (New Manner/Art) Early 14 th Century time of great theorizing of/change in notational practices Ars Nova is a treatise from 1322 often thought to be written by Philippe de Vitry (1291-1361) Typically the term is now used to denote French polyphonic music from c. 1300-1370 Practice conditions theory and theory conditions practice Rhythmic Notation New notational techniques can make possible new kinds of musical expression In motets from turn of the 14 th century, a breve could be divided into anywhere from 2-9 semibreves. How to resolve ambiguity? Minima : defined as 1/9 of a breve. Notated as a semibreve (diamond) with a tail. 9 minimas = 3 semibreves = 1 breve; semibreve notated as a diamond; breve as square 3 breves = 1 long; 3 longs = 1 longa triplex or maxima Long notated as square with tail on right Longa triplex notated as rectangle with tale on right side These divisions could also work for the imperfect system (duple) 2 minim = 1 semibreve; 2 semibreves = 1 breve; 2 breves = 1 long; 2 longs = 1 maxima Time Divisions Modus : division of longs into breves Tempus : division of breves into semibreves Prolation : division of semibreves into minims Each of these levels could be either perfect or imperfect The Breve is the unit that regulatesother values are multiples or divisions of it. The breve can be thought of as like the length of an entire measure. Under this system, that measure could then be divided into either 2 or 3 (tempus). Each of these notes could also be divided into 2 or 3 (prolation)...
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2010 for the course MUSIC 75 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Roman de Fauvel - Ars Nova (New Manner/Art) Early 14 th...

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