Roman de Fauvel - Ars Nova(New Manner\/Art Early 14th Century time of great theorizing of\/change in notational practices Ars Nova is a treatise from 1322

Roman de Fauvel - Ars Nova(New Manner/Art Early 14th...

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Ars Nova (“New Manner/Art”)Early 14thCentury time of great theorizing of/change in notational practicesArs Nova is a treatise from 1322 often thought to be written by Philippe de Vitry (1291-1361)Typically the term is now used to denote French polyphonic music from c. 1300-1370Practice conditions theory and theory conditions practice
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Rhythmic NotationNew notational techniques can make possible new kinds of musical expressionIn motets from turn of the 14thcentury, a breve could be divided into anywhere from 2-9 semibreves. How to resolve ambiguity?Minima: defined as 1/9 of a breve. Notated as a semibreve (diamond) with a tail. 9 minimas = 3 semibreves = 1 breve; semibreve notated as a diamond; breve as square
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3 breves = 1 long; 3 longs = 1 longa triplex or maximaLong notated as square with tail on rightLonga triplex notated as rectangle with tale on right sideThese divisions could also work for the “imperfect” system (duple)2 minim = 1 semibreve; 2 semibreves = 1 breve; 2 breves = 1 long; 2 longs = 1 maxima
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Time DivisionsModus: division of longs into brevesTempus: division of breves into semibrevesProlation: division of semibreves into minimsEach of these levels could be either perfect or imperfect
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The Breve is the unit that regulates—other values are multiples or divisions of it. The breve can be thought of as like the length of an entire measure. Under this system, that measure could then be divided into either 2 or 3 (tempus). Each of these notes could also be divided into 2 or 3 (prolation)
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  • Spring '08
  • Staff
  • Music, Musical notation, Motet, Philippe de Vitry, fauvel

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