Chapter 1 + Chapter 18 Notes

Chapter 1 + Chapter 18 Notes - Chapter 1 Reading Notes: The...

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Chapter 1 Reading Notes: The Cell Theory: - All organisms are composed of one or more cells - The cell is the structural unit of life - Cells can arise only by division from a preexisting cell Cell’s metabolism = sum total of the chemical reactions in a cell 2 Types of cells: Prokaryotic (bacteria) Eurkaryotic (plants, animals, fungi, protists) Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Nucleiod Nucleus Circular Chromosome Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Golgi Complex Lysosomes Endosomes Peroxisomes Monoploid (1 copy of gene/cell) Diploidity (2 copies of genes/cell) Conjugation (piece of DNA passed from one cell to another) Chromatin (complex nucleoprotein) Flagellum Complex Flagella Mitochondria Chloroplasts/ Cellulose (plants only) Mitotic Spindle Both contain ribosomes, plasma membrane. Prokaryotes: 2 Groups (Archaea + Bacteria) Archaeabacteria - Members of archaeabacteria are more closely related to eukaryotes than they are to the other groups of prokaryotes - Extremeophiles (Archaea species that live in extremely inhospitable environments)
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2010 for the course BIS 104 taught by Professor Scholey during the Summer '08 term at UC Davis.

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Chapter 1 + Chapter 18 Notes - Chapter 1 Reading Notes: The...

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