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8 - 16:55 Political Islam Not on the second test but on the...

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16:55 Political Islam : Not on the second test but on the final test. Story : - 16 th and 17 th century and early 18 th century, western part of Islamic world, Ottoman Empire, was a powerful empire. maintained a continuity over thousands years, produced theology, art, etc. Places to go study the subject – not to be studied in Europe. Europe was 1000 years behind the Muslims In Syria – Baghdad S.H. Nasr Europeans shocked to see the advancements of Islamic civilization 12- 13-14 – Islamic in middle of renaissance while Europe was in dark ages. 16 th century - Islamic civilization went down while European civilization went up. by 18 th century, the game was over, ottoman empire collapsed in the west – Safavid collapsed in the east. European achieved superiority found themselves a vast empire like an orphan, so the British moved it – German, Italian, Belgium, Sweden, etc went to all corners – carved themselves lots of colonies. In 18 th century, Muslims woke up and saw the powerful civilization which thrived for 1000s years has collapsed and under British rule. Right around 18 th century, Muslim intellectuals woke up and asked a question : what happened as a result of which what happened? How did it collapse and why did it collapse. Arab world started a movement – Nahza which means intellectual movement. To answer, three answers were give to what happened. Each one had different set of followers, different philosophers.
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