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Unformatted text preview: Government Final Review Sheet Gerrymandering: the act of drawing legislative districts in such a way to give one political party a disproportionately large share of seats for the share of votes its candidates win (manipulation of legislative districts) Racial gerrymandering- redesigning the districts to have racial and ethnic minorities make-up a majority of voters in one area and whites in another Challenged by Davis v. Bandemer (1986); Supreme Court stated that it is unconstitutional if it were too strongly biased against a partys candidates 2002 Democratic challenged that Republicans possessed advantage in PA and TX Filibuster: allows a minority of the Senate to delay floor consideration o Another act and responsibility of the legislative branch (checks and balances) o Johnson had to persuade Republicans to join Democrats (end filibuster) (& then the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was finally passed) Conference Committee: temporary combined committee of the House and Senate to settle differences on a bill Ex: spending bills are once again being debated and amended separately, House and Senate versions will have to go through the same conference committee process as the Budget Resolution. The conferees have to agree on one version of each bill capable of passing in both the House and Senate by a majority vote. Speaker of the House: presiding officer of the House of Representatives; elected through a party-line vote at the beginning of each congressional session; has substantial control over the legislative agenda of the House (1910) Republican insurgents and Democratic allies striped the Speaker of his power to appoint committees and chairs, forced off the powerful Rules Committee, and limited power of recognition This was in response to the 1903-1911 Republican Speaker Joseph Cannon of Illinois who denied his own party members committee chairs and opposed the policies of then President, Theodore Roosevelt Pork Barrel Legislation: provides members of Congress with federal projects and programs for their individual districts They pump money and resources into the local districts of the legislators. Local projects, such as dams, military bases, highways, housing subsidies, and job training, are often funded by pork-barrel legislation Big Dig in Boston , Massachusetts . The Big Dig was a project to take an existing 3.5- mile (5.6 km) interstate highway and relocate it underground. It ended up costing US$14.6 billion , or over US$4 billion per mile.  Tip O'Neill (D-Mass.), after whom one of the Big Dig tunnels was named, pushed to have the Big Dig funded by the federal government while he was the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives ....
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2010 for the course GLS gls 114 taught by Professor Sorensen during the Spring '09 term at Bentley.
- Spring '09