This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Mid Term #1 Japan and the World, 1850-1930s • In 1850 Commodore Mathew Perry (US Navy) forced to opening of Japan to the outside world with the convention on Kanagawa o Kanagawa treaty was between Mathew Perry and the Empire of Japan, it opened the Japanese ports of Shimoda, and Hakodate to US trade o Guaranteed safety of shipwrecked US sailors and established a permanent consul o Unequal Treaty o Emperor at the time was Shogun Tokugawa Leyoshi o Sailed into Edo o Showed power with Navy “Black Ships” • Leader is shogun or military leader • Perry then requested that the Shogun sign the “Treaty of peace and amity” o Established formal diplomatic relations between US and Japan • Similar treaties brought Japan into economic and political crisis • This eventually led to a civil war “Boshin War” • The feudal system was abolished o Military Modernized o Adopted western institutions • Russian pressure from north Gave up Sakhalin for Kuril Islands • Unequal treaties removed • Emperor Mejii’s “Controlled revolution” transformed Japan into a World Power • 1894 Sino-Japanese War (China) o Fought between Qing Dynasty China and Meiji Japan over the control of Korea o Symbolize the degeneration and enfeeblement of the Qing Dynasty and demonstrate how successful modernization had been in Japan since the Meiji Restoration • 1904 Russo-Japanese War (Russia ) o Rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea. • Angelo-Japanese Alliance treaty o Treaty between United Kingdom and Japan o Military alliance o Japan entered WWI on side of Great Britain, Japan attacked German bases in China • Went to peace conference in Versailles 1919 and received recognition as one of the "Big Five" of the new international order • 1920s and 30s in times during the Depression era, became extremely militarized • Resigned from the league of nations 1933 • Second Sino-Japanese War between Republic of China and Empire of Japan before and during WWII • Japan formed axis pact with Germany and Italy #4 Impact of the Indus. Revol. On International Affairs, Late19th c.- Early 20 th c. • changes in weapons •-weapons were produced in mass amounts in factories versus hand made muskets of the 18 th century •-weapons had a higher technology and were much more destructive •-much more rapid firing of guns, from a further distance, became more lethal •-cannons were produced •-late 19 th century machine gun is created (major improvement) •-war will be much more expensive than it has ever been before •-continuous connection between the armies and navies fighting on the front •-back at home the economies of societies were re-organized so that a substantial portion of what they were producing could be shipped off to the war front •-women filled in at the factories where there was a shortage of men because they were at war •-battle becomes more impersonal because you cannot see the face of the enemy you are trying to kill •...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 06/26/2010 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hannigan during the Spring '10 term at Bentley.
- Spring '10