History Mid-Term Review

History Mid-Term Review - Mid Term#1 Japan and the World...

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Mid Term #1 Japan and the World, 1850-1930s In 1850 Commodore Mathew Perry (US Navy) forced to opening of Japan to the outside world with the convention on Kanagawa o Kanagawa treaty was between Mathew Perry and the Empire of Japan, it opened the Japanese ports of Shimoda, and Hakodate to US trade o Guaranteed safety of shipwrecked US sailors and established a permanent consul o Unequal Treaty o Emperor at the time was Shogun Tokugawa Leyoshi o Sailed into Edo o Showed power with Navy “Black Ships” Leader is shogun or military leader Perry then requested that the Shogun sign the “Treaty of peace and amity” o Established formal diplomatic relations between US and Japan Similar treaties brought Japan into economic and political crisis This eventually led to a civil war “Boshin War” The feudal system was abolished o Military Modernized o Adopted western institutions Russian pressure from north Gave up Sakhalin for Kuril Islands Unequal treaties removed Emperor Mejii’s “Controlled revolution” transformed Japan into a World Power 1894 Sino-Japanese War (China) o Fought between Qing Dynasty China and Meiji Japan over the control of Korea o Symbolize the degeneration and enfeeblement of the Qing Dynasty and demonstrate how successful modernization had been in Japan since the Meiji Restoration 1904 Russo-Japanese War (Russia )
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o Rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea. Angelo-Japanese Alliance treaty o Treaty between United Kingdom and Japan o Military alliance o Japan entered WWI on side of Great Britain, Japan attacked German bases in China Went to peace conference in Versailles 1919 and received recognition as one of the "Big Five" of the new international order 1920s and 30s in times during the Depression era, became extremely militarized Resigned from the league of nations 1933 Second Sino-Japanese War between Republic of China and Empire of Japan before and during WWII Japan formed axis pact with Germany and Italy #4 Impact of the Indus. Revol. On International Affairs, Late19th c.- Early 20 th c. changes in weapons -weapons were produced in mass amounts in factories versus hand made muskets of the 18 th century -weapons had a higher technology and were much more destructive -much more rapid firing of guns, from a further distance, became more lethal -cannons were produced -late 19 th century machine gun is created (major improvement) -war will be much more expensive than it has ever been before -continuous connection between the armies and navies fighting on the front -back at home the economies of societies were re-organized so that a substantial portion of what they were producing could be shipped off to the war front -women filled in at the factories where there was a shortage of men because they were at war -battle becomes more impersonal because you cannot see the face of the enemy you are trying to kill
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