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Unformatted text preview: History Notes 1/26/07 The Changing World of Charles Dickens 1) What are Dickens reservations about the Industrial Revolution? 2) What to Dickens have become the priorities of English society?-Charles Dickens was very compassionate about children and thought child labor was a problem-child apprentices were treated very poorly-children worked in the mines and were chained to wagons, treated like animals-factories were very unsanitary and unsafe-Dickens was disgusted by the factory towns in the North (and the creatures-the children- that worked in them)-people were lured into a society that became infatuated with money (the greed and pursuit of money and extreme competitive individualism became a problem in Dickens’ mind)-Industrial Revolution- idea is to squeeze the life out of humanity in Dickens’ mind and the Industrial Revolution is taking a wrong turn, Dickens doesn’t like where it is going-the new working class suffered the most in the Industrial Revolution The Origin of the Industrial Revolution Commercial Revolution- beginning in modern Europe from the 16 th century onward-trade had been around for a while by this time, however kings and monarchs never really invested in the idea-leaders opened the gates more widely to the idea of production of goods for market exchange-in the past kings and monarchs had been suspicious about merchants, worried about a relatively stabile economy changing rapidly-build their revenues, government, and become more powerful by putting to use the idea of trade-Atlantic Ocean becomes a highway so to speak of trade routes between countries and continents-people and goods were transported back and forth across the ocean-16 TH and 17 th century sugar became quite popular in Europe -European powers started to worry who was going to become predominate in this highway system of trading goods-England was the predominant country (controlled extensive markets)-by the end of the 18 th century England becomes the first country to enter into the Industrial Revolution- manufacturing being done under new principles (human beings had already been manufacturing things for hundreds and hundreds of years)- our ancestors for instance created tools for hunting and fishing-craftsmen/artisans- pre-industrial times the average person would turn to these people for something they couldn’t make themselves-craftsmen were skilled workers who specialized in making one particular thing-blacksmith, silversmith, tailors, printers, shoemakers, brewers, barrel makers etc…-had the ability to make something to the specifications of a person (things were custom- made)-artisans worked in relatively small workshops in towns and cities normally outside their homes or in their basement-Two types of artisans- 1) Journeymen 2) Apprentices-Journeymen-had all the training to become artisans but did not yet have enough money to get up and start their own business-worked under master craftsmen-Apprentices- young boys worked for free under a master craftsman and eventually went...
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