Final Study Guid

Final Study Guid - INT 106 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE...

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INT 106 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE: INTERNATIONAL LAW TERMS: International Court of Justice: The judicial arm of the UN; located in The Hague, it hears only cases between states. The World Court has 15 judges elected for 9 year terms by a majority of both the Security Council and General Assembly. Weakness: states have not agreed to subject themselves to its jurisdiction or obey its decisions—only about 1/3 have signed the optional clause to give it jurisdiction in certain cases—and many have added their own stipulations to this. Reciprocity: A response in kind to another’s actions; a strategy of reciprocity uses positive forms of leverage to promise rewards and negative forms of leverage to threaten punishment. International law enforcement through reciprocity and collective goods relies entirely on national power —only works if aggrieved state has the power to inflict costs on the violator. Without common expectations regarding the rules of the game, power alone would create great instability in the international system. Diplomatic Immunity: A privilege under which diplomats’ activities fall outside the jurisdiction of the host country’s national courts. They are beyond jurisdiction of the host countries national courts, even when they leave embassy grounds, and if they commit crimes they may not be arrested or tried. The host country can only take away a diplomat’s accreditation and expel the person from the host country. Because of diplomatic immunity, espionage activities are commonly conducted out of an embassy. Diplomatic pouches also may not be touched. International Criminal Court: A permanent tribunal for war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity from anywhere in the world. Began in 2003 in The Hague with 18 judges. ICC issued its first arrest warrants arising from the long civil war in Uganda in 2005. War Crimes: large scale abuses of human rights which often occur during war. In wartime international law is difficult to enforce but extensive norms of legal conduct in war are widely followed because after war, losers can be punished for violations of human rights. Includes crimes against humanity—which encompasses genocide. TRADE TERMS: Mercantilism: an economic theory and a political ideology opposed to free trade; it shares with realism the belief that each state must protect its own interests without seeking mutual gains through international organizations. Mercantilists worry about relative power—and worry about relative wealth and trade because these can transcended directly into military power—believe the outcome of economic negotiations matters for military power. Most important goal is to create the most favorable possible distribution of wealth. Mercantilists want to create a favorable balance of trade—state exporting more than they import. Liberalism:
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2010 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hannigan during the Spring '10 term at Bentley.

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Final Study Guid - INT 106 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE...

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