Mid-term Study Guide

Mid-term Study Guide - Airspace the space above a state...

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Airspace : the space above a state that is considered its territory, in contrast to outer space, which is considered international territory Alliance cohesions : the ease with which the member hold together an alliance; it tends to be high when national interests converge and when cooperation among allies becomes institutionalized Anarchy : in IR theory, a term that implies not complete chaos but the lack of a central government that can enforce rules Arms race: a reciprocal process in which two or more stats build up military capabilities in response to each other Autarky: a policy of self-reliance, avoiding or minimizing trade and trying to produce everything one needs (or the most vital things) by oneself. Balance of power: the general concept of one or more states’ power being sued to balance that of another state or group of states. The term can refer to (1) any relation of power capabilities between states or alliances, (2) a relatively equal ratio, or (3) the process by which counterbalancing coalitions have repeatedly formed to prevent one state from conquering an entire region Ballistic missile : the major strategic delivery vehicle for nuclear weapons; it carries a warhead along a trajectory (typically rising at least 50 miles high) and lets it drop on the target Biological Weapons Convention: an agreement that prohibits the development, production, and possession of biological weapons, but makes no provision for inspections Burden sharing: the distribution of the costs of an alliance among members; the term also refers to the conflicts that may arise over such distribution Chemical Weapons Convention: an agreement that bans the productions and possession of chemical weapons and includes strict verification provisions and the threat of sanctions against violators and nonparticipants in the treaty Civil war: a war between factions within a sate trying to create, or prevent, a new government for the entire state or some territorial part of it Cold war: the hostile relations- punctuated by occasional periods of improvement, or détente- between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, from 1945-1990 Collective goods problem: a tangible or intangible good, created by the members of a group, that is available to all group members regardless of their individual contributions; participants can gain by lowering their own contribution to the collective good, yet if too many participants do so, the good cannot be provided
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Collective security: the formation of a broad alliance of most major actors in an international system for the purpose of jointly opposing aggression by an actor; sometimes seen as presupposing the existence of a universal organization to which both the aggressor and its opponents belong. Compellence:
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Mid-term Study Guide - Airspace the space above a state...

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