STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document A: Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, 1919The following is from an address delivered by Massachusetts senator Henry Cabot Lodge on February 28, 1919. Lodge, a “reservationist,” was the leader of the Republicans in the Senate at the time. [By ratifying the Treaty of Versailles], we abandon entirely the policy laid down by Washington in his Farewell Addressand the Monroe Doctrine. . . . Washington declared against permanent alliances. . . . Now, the Washington policy is to be entirely laid aside and we are to enter upon a permanent and indissoluble alliance. . . . Let us not overlook the profound gravityof this step. . . . If we put aside forever the Washington policy, we must always remember that it carries with it the Monroe Doctrine.. . . Europe will have the right to take part in the settlement of all American questions. . . . Europe and Asia are to take part in policing the American continent. . . . There is no need of arguing whether there is to be . . . force behind this league. It is there in article 10 absolutely and entirely by the mere fact of these guaranties. The ranks of the armies and the fleets of the navy made necessary by such pledges are to be filled and manned by the sons, husbands, and brothers, of the people of America. . . We now in this draft bind ourselves to submit every possible international dispute or difference either to the league court or to the control of the executive council of the league. That includes immigration, a very live question, to take a single example. Are we ready to give to the other nations the power to say who shall come into the United States? . . . If we accept this plan for a league, this is precisely what we promise to do. Source:Address by Senator Lodge to the United States Senate, February 28, 1919; reprinted in the The Sun, a New York City newspaper.