ARTICLES V. CONSTITUTION
The Articles of Confederation
Agreed to by Congress November 15, 1777; ratified and in force, March 1, 1781.
To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting.
Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island and
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South
Carolina and Georgia.
Article I. The Stile of this Confederacy shall be "The United States of America."
Article II. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this
Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.
security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or
attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretense whatever.
Article IV. The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different States in this
Union, the free inhabitants of each of these States, paupers, vagabonds, and fugitives from justice excepted, shall be entitled to all
privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several States; and the people of each State shall free ingress and regress to and from
any other State, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and commerce, subject to the same duties, impositions, and
restrictions as the inhabitants thereof respectively, provided that such restrictions shall not extend so far as to prevent the removal of
property imported into any State, to any other State, of which the owner is an inhabitant; provided also that no imposition, duties or
restriction shall be laid by any State, on the property of the United States, or either of them.
If any person guilty of, or charged with, treason, felony, or other high misdemeanor in any State, shall flee from justice, and be found
in any of the United States, he shall, upon demand of the Governor or executive power of the State from which he fled, be delivered
up and removed to the State having jurisdiction of his offense.
Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these States to the records, acts, and judicial proceedings of the courts and magistrates of
every other State.
Article V. For the most convenient management of the general interests of the United States, delegates shall be annually appointed in