cient Greece is the civilization belonging to the period of Greek history lasting from the Archaic p

Cient Greece is the civilization belonging to the period of Greek history lasting from the Archaic p

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cient Greece is the civilization belonging to the period of Greek history lasting from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to 146 BC and the Roman conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth . At the center of this time period is Classical Greece , which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC, at first under Athenian leadership successfully repelling the military threat of Persian invasion . The Athenian Golden Age ends with the defeat of Athens at the hands of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire , which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe , for which reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization . Contents [ hide ] 1 Chronology 2 Historiography 3 History o 3.1 Archaic period o 3.2 Classical Greece 3.2.1 5th century 3.2.2 4th century o 3.3 Hellenistic Greece o 3.4 Roman Greece 4 Geography o 4.1 Regions o 4.2 Colonies 5 Politics and society o 5.1 Political structure o 5.2 Government and law o 5.3 Social structure o 5.4 Education o 5.5 Economy o 5.6 Warfare 6 Culture o 6.1 Philosophy o 6.2 Literature o 6.3 Science & Technology
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o o 7 Legacy 8 See also 9 References o 9.1 Notes 10 Bibliography 11 External links Chronology Further information: Timeline of ancient Greece There are no fixed or universally agreed upon dates for the beginning or the end of Classical Antiquity . It is typically taken to last from the 8th century BC until the 6th century AD, or for about 1,300 years. Classical Antiquity in Greece is preceded by the Greek Dark Ages (c.1100-c.750 BC), archaeologically characterised by the protogeometric and geometric style of designs on pottery, succeeded by the Orientalizing Period , a strong influence of Syro-Hittite , Assyrian , Phoenician and Egyptian cultures. Traditionally, the Archaic period of Ancient Greece is taken in the wake of this strong Orientalizing influence during the 8th century BC, which among other things brought the alphabetic script to Greece, marking the beginning of Greek literature ( Homer , Hesiod ). The Archaic period gives way to the Classical period around 500 BC, in turn succeeded by the Hellenistic period at the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. The history of Greece during Classical Antiquity may thus be subdivided into the following periods: [1] The Archaic period (c.750-c.500 BC) follows, in which artists made larger free-standing sculptures in stiff, hieratic poses with the dreamlike ' archaic smile '. The Archaic period is often taken to end with the overthrow of the last tyrant of Athens in 510 BC. The
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Cient Greece is the civilization belonging to the period of Greek history lasting from the Archaic p

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