Lecture 22 recording

Lecture 22 recording - Genetically modified organisms aka...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Genetically modified organisms, aka Frankenstein foods as they have been called. Going to be concentrating on American agriculture. Indeed the first genetic modified food was developed by Californian company. European and American responses with this. Mendel’s peas. He was basically trying to modify the traits of succeeding generations of pea plants by controlled crossing of his pea plants. This was bound up with the same motivation of genetic modification of food, in other words the modification of yields to make money. Mendel’s peas laid the conceptual foundation for genetic engineering. It was Mendelian geneticists who developed modern agricultural techniques. Working in the early 20 th century, they started doing crossing experiments with corn within the context of increasing agricultural yield for economic reasons. They developed the first strain of hybrid corn and could massively increase yields. Hybrid corn had taken most of the US fields. The very same problems that beset GMOs were anticipated by the story of hybrid corn. The same environmental, ethical, political, economic were rehearsed by this stuff. For example as Mendel found a hybrid, they breed out with each generation, few and fewer. In order to grow hybrid corn, they couldn’t use the same seeds, they had to go back and go to the company to provide them with the seeds every year. Setup of economic dependency on these companies. This is precisely one of the problems with GMO industry is this dependency. This was already set up in the 1920s. Concentration of power and profit in the scientific sector in breeding stations for this kind of work. Hybrid corn quickly replaced all the traditional variety to the great diminishment of genetic diversity so you end with this monoculture. In 1970 there was
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern