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Unformatted text preview: 9) Penis envy (include criticisms) a. Penis envy is the female counterpart to Freuds concept of castration anxiety (the fear of losing your genitals). In his theory of psychosexual development , Freud suggested that during the phallic stage (around ages 3-5) young girls distance themselves from their mothers and instead devote their affections to their fathers. b. According to Freud, this occurs when a girl realizes that she has no penis. "Girls hold their mother responsible for their lack of a penis and do not forgive her for their being thus put at a disadvantage," Freud suggested (1933). c. Some criticisms to the theory of penis envy are that it is patriarchal, misogynistic, representing women as deficient men. The vagina is seen as a lack of a penis when it should be appreciated for what it isa vagina. 10) Significance of the oral stage of development 11) Compromise formation 12) Primary and secondary process...
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- Spring '07