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study guide 129 midterm

study guide 129 midterm - 9 Penis envy(include criticisms a...

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UCLA-Summer Session A Psychology 129B 2010 Study Questions for Exam 1 1) Please describe Freud’s final theory of mind, the” Structural Theory”. That is, a. How do the id, ego, and superego interact with each other? b. What part do anxiety and defense mechanisms play in this system? Be able to explain your answer with an example. 2) How are symptoms of psychopathology and the manifest dream alike? 3) What part does the “superego” play in your mental life and how was it formed? Why is it that our early, childhood environment (e.g., the way our parents treated us) is not exactly correlated with the harshness of our superego? 4) Describe Freud’s “signal theory of anxiety” (include a discussion of the danger situations in each stage of development). 5) Name and describe any three functions of your Ego. 6) Please thoroughly define the following: 7) Male oedipal complex (include in your answer discussion of bisexuality, castration anxiety) 8) The four components of instinct (examples)
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Unformatted text preview: 9) Penis envy (include criticisms) a. Penis envy is the female counterpart to Freud’s concept of castration anxiety (the fear of losing your genitals). In his theory of psychosexual development , Freud suggested that during the phallic stage (around ages 3-5) young girls distance themselves from their mothers and instead devote their affections to their fathers. b. According to Freud, this occurs when a girl realizes that she has no penis. "Girls hold their mother responsible for their lack of a penis and do not forgive her for their being thus put at a disadvantage," Freud suggested (1933). c. Some criticisms to the theory of penis envy are that it is patriarchal, misogynistic, representing women as deficient men. The vagina is seen as a “lack of a penis” when it should be appreciated for what it is—a vagina. 10) Significance of the oral stage of development 11) Compromise formation 12) Primary and secondary process...
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