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Concepts- Second Half

Concepts- Second Half - Lecture and Book Concepts Week 1 1...

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Lecture and Book Concepts: Week 1 1. Components of Memory a. Encoding: Study Phase i. Acquisition of information, Formation of representation. This could be understood as the part where you are hearing, reading, or looking at the information. That information is being perceived in a certain form. This could also be seen as the working memory. b. Storage: Retention Interval i. Maintenance overtime. The information is stored into the hard-drive of the brain, to only be later retrieved. c. Retrieval: Test Phase i. Accessing and using the information. Often it is free recall, which basically means to recall everything that was shown. 2. Evidence for STM vs. LTM a. Serial Position effects b. Amnesia Patients 3. Mnemonics 4. Proactive interference: Current information is lost because it is mixed up with previously learn information. Example, I have trouble recalling my new phone number because I get it mixed up with my old phone number. STM is influenced by he content of LTM. It is not just fatigue. Due to interference from similar information. Release from proactive interference if given new material. 5. Retroactive interference: Past information is lost because it is mixed up with current information. Example, I have trouble remembering my philosophy course work because I am learning new material. 6. DVD analogy for Memory: Human memory is not like a camera (S.13)
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a. Encoding, retrieval, maintenance. b. Perception is not the same as memory c. The content of memory is not literal, it is analyzed d. Forgetting is not all or none e. Penny Example. 7. Short-Term Memory a. Hold the information currently in use, only what is relevant. b. Is also known as Working Memory. i. Language, reasoning, problem solving, and decision-making. It is always active. c. Verbal information is rehearsed here d. All mental tasks rely on working memory e. STM has limited capacity. i. Operation Span measures the efficiency of working memory when it is working. WM is constantly active , moving information around such that it holds on to some information while simultaneously working on something else.
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