137cCH6 - CH. 6 Personality: those distinctive...

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CH. 6 Personality : those distinctive characteristics that categorize an individual, are stable over time, & across situations, that have some coherence or internal organization to them, Trait approach : identify a core set of personality traits by conducting extensive Big Five : 5 personality traits that are relatively encompassing & include many other specific aspects of personality ( Openness , Conscientiousness , Extraversion , Agreeableness , Neuroticism ) Neuroticism : refers to a predisposition to experience unpleasant & disturbing emotions Measures of personality taken in childhood contain information about our relationships later in life: - kids who display relatively frequent & severe tantrums before age 10 2x more likely to divorce - women w/ history of tantrums as a child are more likely to marry men w/ lower occupational status - kids that are judged aggressive @ age 8 are more likely to divorce - those who are relatively anxious, passive, & prone to mood swings tend to have less marital satisfaction Neuroticism or Negative affectivity : those who tend to dwell on their own negative qualities as well as those of other people & the world in general; particularly vulnerable to poor relationships Individuals do not tend to pair up w/ other individuals who have similar personality traits. Partners are far more similar in religiousness, age, political orientation, & general
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2010 for the course PSYCH 129B taught by Professor Kupper during the Spring '07 term at UCLA.

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137cCH6 - CH. 6 Personality: those distinctive...

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