Wk. 1, Lect. 2 - Methods

Wk. 1, Lect. 2 - Methods - Psychology 137C: Intimate...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 137C: Intimate Relationships Reminders: Course materials can be downloaded at: Methods Week 1, Lecture 2: www.psych.ucla.edu Access problems? Contact the TA. Miss a lecture? They are recorded and available for downloading at the web site of the UCLA Office of Instructional Resources. The texts are available and on reserve. Please read everything in the syllabus. People Disagree about Intimate Relationships Attraction: Express interest or play hard to get? Conflict: Should couples embrace it or avoid it? Divorce: How does it affect children? How do we decide where the truth lies? What do we measure? Relationship science measures constructs. Construct: An abstract idea (e.g., love, commitment, satisfaction) Operationalization: The process of translating an abstract idea into concrete terms so it can be studied. Example: How can we measure love? Strategy #1: Selfreports Some things you just have to ask about. The Love Scale Answer the following questions concerning your attitude toward your current romantic partner. Rate on a scale of 1 (indicating strong disagreement) to 9 (indicating strong agreement). 1. If my partner were feeling badly, my first duty would be to cheer him/her up. 2. I feel that I can confide in my partner about virtually everything. 3. I find it easy to ignore my partner's faults. 4. I would do almost anything for my partner. 5. I feel very possessive toward my partner. 6. If I could never be with my partner, I would feel miserable. 7. If I were lonely, my first thought would be to seek my partner out. 8. One of my primary concerns is my partner's welfare. 9. I would forgive my partner for practically anything. 10.I feel responsible for my partner's well-being. 11.When I am with my partner, I spend a good deal of time just looking at him/her. 12.I would greatly enjoy being confided in by my partner. Pros and Cons of SelfReports Pros: Easy to do Cheap Quick Sometimes gets at exactly what we want to know. Cons: People do not always tell the truth. Research on violent behavior. People do not always know the truth. Jacobson & Moore, 1980. So, how can we measure love? Strategy #2: Systematic Observation What should we observe? Verbal communication Nonverbal communication Written communication Biological responses Pros and Cons of Observation Pros: Very relevant (if you choose well). Great detail. Cons: Very expensive! Reactivity The meaning problem Ability to define things. Designing Research Crosssectional Research Helps with description Longitudinal Research Helps with prediction Crosssectional vs. Longitudinal The case of the disappearing curve Marital Satisfaction Over Time? Marital Satisfaction Over Time! Who Are We Studying? Intimate Relationships may differ for different groups of people American vs. Chinese? Rich vs. Poor? Young vs. Old? Dating vs. Married? Studying individuals or couples? Is This Ethical? The Power of Mere Questions The Effects of Being Studied Costs vs. Benefits Ethical Obligations ...
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