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June 2 2010 - City Planning 118AC The Urban Community...

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City Planning 118AC: The Urban Community *** Framing the Discussion: The History, Development & Politics of Cities
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The Politics of Governance and Defended Space
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Cities strive to enhance their competitive advantage: Production Labor Economy & Efficiency Cultural Institutions Identity However, cities are limited, they cannot regulate labor & capital flows. They rely on tax policies, good government, & community responsibility.
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Interests of the Ltd. City Banfield: Urban political processes allow for the expression of nearly all the particular interests Leaders seek solutions that take into account the vital interests of all.
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Interests of the Ltd. City Tiebout: City interests can be ascribed to the entity taken as a whole; cities seek to attain optimum size for the efficient delivery of the bundle of services local government produces. Too small? Try to attract residents. Too big? Try to lose residents. Problem: No evidence of optimum size.
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Interests of the Ltd. City Peterson: “The interest of cities are neither a summation of individual interests nor the pursuit of optimum size, instead, policies and programs can be said to be in the interest of cities whenever the policies maintain or enhance the economic position, social prestige, or political power of the city, taken as a whole.”
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Interests of the Ltd. City Cities seek to improve their position: Economically Socially Politically Through management and manipulation of : Land Labor Capital
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Politics of Growth Judd & Swanstrom argue that urban leaders are focused on prosperity.
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