June 4 2010 - Tour Planning Resources...

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www.oaklandheritage.tumblr.com/post/50179267/contact- resources www.oaklandnet.com/visting.html#facts http://www.oakha.org/home.html http://www.oaklandnet.com/government/hcd/ www.oaklandchinatownchamber.org www.unitycouncil.org www.cityslickerfarms.org Sanborn Maps: Available at the Geography library in McCone Neighborhood newspapers & websites Tour Planning Resources:
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City Planning 118AC: The Urban Community *** Urban Policy and Politics: From The New Deal to Urban Renewal
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Political Power and Interest Groups How are decisions made at the city level? Who really governs? Business elites? Special interest groups? Elected leaders? Who has the power and political influence?
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Political Power and Interest Groups 4 Major Theories Elite Theory Pluralist Theory Regime Theory Growth Machine Theory
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Elite Theory Floyd Hunter (Community Power Structure , 1953) C. Wright Mills (The Power Elite , 1956) Political power is controlled by a small, wealthy group. Most top leaders are from same social group. “Power elite” control the major resources and financial institutions.
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Pluralist Theory 1961 Robert Dahl's Who Governs? (Study of New Haven, CT) Political power is distributed across disparate interest groups. Power is fragmented and decentralized. Interest groups compete with each other in shaping public policy. Resources uneven
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Pluralist Theory (con’t) Elected leaders act as brokers to bring competing interest groups together to make policy.(Johnson, 2005) “Political system is open to groups who are active, organized and want to be heard. .”(Judge, Stoker and Wolman, 1995)
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Regime Theory Norman Fainstein and Susan Fainstein (1983) and Clarence Stone (1989) Cooperation and coordination between
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June 4 2010 - Tour Planning Resources...

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