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12 - Neurobiology of Addiction Click to edit Master...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 7/1/10 Neurobiology of Addiction Chapter Five: Alcohol
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7/1/10 Prevalence of Dependence  Ever Used Dependence Among Users Tobacco 75.6 24.1 31.9 Alcohol 91.5 14.1 15.4 Illicit Drugs 51.0 7.5 14.7    Cannabis 46.3 4.2 9.1    Cocaine 16.2 2.7 16.7    Stimulants 15.3 1.7 11.2    Anxiolytics 12.7 1.2 9.2    Analgesics 9.7 0.7 7.5    Psychadel. 10.6 0.5 4.9    Heroin 1.5 0.4 23.1    Inhalants 6.8 0.3 3.7 Estimated Prevalence Among 15-54 Year Olds of Nonmedical Use and Dependence Among Users (1990-1992) (NCS) Source: Anthony J.C., Warner L.A., Kessler R.C. 1994 Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2:244- 268
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7/1/10 47.5% Lost productivity due to alcohol- related illness 19.8% Lost future earnings due to premature death 5.5% Lost productivity due to alcohol-related crime 8.5% Traffic crashes (property & administrative costs) 3.4% Crime (legal, property, & administrative costs) 1.1% Other 10.2% Medical consequences 4% Alcohol use disorders Productivity Losses Health care expenditures Other impacts Source: Alcohol and Health, June 2000 Economic costs of alcohol abuse, United States, 1998 TOTAL ESTIMATED COST: $185 BILLION
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