lit3374pp1 - Introduction to the Bible Part One: The Hebrew...

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Copyright Keith White 2006 1 Introduction to the Bible Part One: The Hebrew Scriptures
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Copyright Keith White 2006 2 7th Cent. B.C. Silver Scroll
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Copyright Keith White 2006 3 Silver Scroll Unrolled
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Copyright Keith White 2006 4 Yod, He, Wow, He: YHWH
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Copyright Keith White 2006 5 Yahweh The name for God in the Hebrew Scriptures is represented by the cluster of consonants YHWH . These four letters are the known as the Tetragrammaton (GK “four letters”). Out of respect for its holiness, Yahweh was not spoken after the 3 rd cent. B.C.
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Copyright Keith White 2006 6 Adonai Instead, Jews are taught to say Adonai , “my Lord,” whenever YHWH appears in their Bible. A Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures also substituted YHWH with Kyrios , “Lord.” The Hebrew word for God (not the name) is El .
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Copyright Keith White 2006 7 Jehovah Vowels were added to the Hebrew Bible around 1000 A.D. By the 16 th century translators were erroneously combing the consonants of Yahweh and the vowels of Adonai to produce Jehovah. The popularity of the KJV (1616) helped to perpetuate this error.
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Copyright Keith White 2006 8 Jehovah cont. YHWH A DO NA I Y A H O W A H JEHOVAH
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Copyright Keith White 2006 9 Origin of the word Bible The English word Bible derives from Greek ta biblia, “the books.” Biblia is the Greek spelling for a Phoenician city (near Beirut, Lebanon), Byblos, that specialized in making papyrus, and Egyptian invention. In Hebrew the biblical works are sometimes called Ha-Sefarim , “The Books.”
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Copyright Keith White 2006 10 Papyrus
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Copyright Keith White 2006 11 Fragments from DSS (200 BC)
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Copyright Keith White 2006 12 Back to the Silver Amulet Archaeologist George Barkley found the silver amulet in 1980 in an undisturbed Israelite family tomb just outside the Old City of Jerusalem, opposite Mt. Zion. It took three years to unroll.
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Copyright Keith White 2006 13 Back to the Silver Amulet This passage from biblical scripture, which you will recall is the oldest passage found so far, comes from a slightly larger and famous benediction (GK “good saying”) known as the “priestly benediction” or the “Aaronic benediction. The benediction is part of a larger passage Yahweh spoke to Moses in the wilderness.
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Copyright Keith White 2006 14 Numbers 6:22–26 22 The L ORD spoke to Moses, saying: 23 Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, Thus you shall bless the Israelites: You shall say to them, 24 The L ORD bless you and keep you; 25 the L ORD make his face to shine upon you, and be gracious to you; 26 the L ORD lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace. 27 So they shall put my name on the Israelites, and I will bless them.
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Copyright Keith White 2006 15 Israel’s First Priest Aaron is the brother of Moses and Israel’s first priest. Traditionally his sons and grandsons etc., all
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This note was uploaded on 07/01/2010 for the course LIT 3374 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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lit3374pp1 - Introduction to the Bible Part One: The Hebrew...

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