lit3374pp3 - Genesis Part Three: Origins...

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  Copyright Keith White 2006 1 Genesis Part Three: Origins
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 2 Mesopotamia Much of the creation stories in Genesis come from Mesopotamia (Gk. Meso “middle” potamos “river”). Mesopotamia is a Gk. transliteration of Old Persian Miyanrudan “the Land between the Rivers.” * *Tigress and Euphrates
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 3 Mesopotamia cont. The Hebrew name translated into English is Aram-naharaim , which means “Aramean territory between the two rivers, that is, Northwest Iraq and Northeast Syria.” The Arameans’ Aramaic name is Beth- Nahrin “House of Two Rivers.” Aram is south of Damascus, Syria.
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 4 Aramaic This Northwest Semitic language is related to Hebrew: Hebrew sålôm , Aramaic sélåm , Arabic salam, “peace.” We can trace Aramaic as far back as the 10 th or 9 th cent. BCE onward from Syria and Mesopotamia. According to Deuteronomy 26.5, the Israelites were of Aramean descent.
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 5 Aramaic By the time of Jesus, Aramaic, not Hebrew, had become the people’s language. As he is dying on the cross, Jesus says, “ Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani ” (Mark 15.34). The Gospels were written in Greek, so the author translates them for his Greek speaking readers: “My God, My God. Why have you forsaken me?” (see Psalm 22). Arabic replaced it.
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 6 Genesis 11:31 “Terah took his son Abram and his grandson Lot son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and they went out together from Ur of the Chaldeans to go into the land of Canaan; but when they came to Haran, they settled there.”
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 7 Ur of the Chaldeans
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 8 Ur of the Chaldeans Thanks to artifacts found in the 19 th cent. and later, we can confirm that much of Genesis comes from Mesopotamia. Blending elements of more than one religion is called syncretism . However, when did this blending occur?
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 9 Syncretism In the Bible, much of what is now the Israeli and Palestinian Territories, Lebanon, and Syria is first called “The Land of Canaan,” meaning the homelands of the Canaanites. Although the land had other names, Canaan was used as late as the 3 rd millennium BCE.
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  Copyright Keith White 2006 10 Chaldeans and Canaanites Scholars continue to debate whether a site near the Euphrates excavated by Sir Leonard Woolley in 1931 is in the Ur of the Bible. The Chaldeans were five tribes dominant in
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This note was uploaded on 07/01/2010 for the course LIT 3374 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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lit3374pp3 - Genesis Part Three: Origins...

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