lit3374pp9 - Ecclesiastes The Gift of Wisdom Son of David...

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    Ecclesiastes The Gift of Wisdom
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    Son of David and Bathsheba The work is attributed to King Solomon because God gave him the gift of wisdom (see 1 Kings 3). The Bible places Solomon in the 10 th cent. However, because the text contains some Persian words, the author must have composed it after 538 BCE. The Persians ruled Palestine from 538 – 332 BCE.
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    View of Herod’s Temple Mt.
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    “Gentiles, Keep Out!” Sign
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    Solomon/Jedidiah 2 Samuel 12:24 – 25: “…she bore a son, and he [David] named him Solomon. The Lord loved him, and sent a message by the prophet Nathan; so he named him Jedidiah, because of the Lord.” Jedidiah means “Beloved of the Lord.” His God name never appears again.
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    The Preacher/Teacher The title derives from a Greek translation of the Hebrew title Qoheleth . Qoheleth comes to mean “teacher” in Hebrew. Ecclesiastes “preacher” comes from the Septuagint. Solomon means “peace,” and with his death the peace of a united monarchy ends. His son Rehoboam (early 10 th cent. BCE.) starts a civil war.
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    Apostasy Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines! His exogamy and allowing those wives to build temples to their foreign gods in the land of Abraham will provoke God. Rehoboam’s mother is an Ammonite, In Solomon’s old age, he too worships foreign gods.
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    The End of the Golden Age In 1 Kings 11, God becomes angry and says he will take all but Judah away from Rehoboam after Solomon dies. He leaves Rehoboam Judah “so that my son David may always have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the city where I have chosen to put my name.” – 1 Kings 11:36
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    Megillot Ecclesiastes is part of the Kethubim known as the Megillot (scrolls). Two megillah (scroll), Song of Songs/Solomon and Ecclesiastes, are attributed to Solomon and read in synagogues, like the other three, on a particular holiday (see handout Megillot). Song of Songs/Solomon is read on Passover, and Ecclesiastes is read on the Feast of Booths.
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    Proverbs The book of Proverbs Hebrew title is, Míshlê Shelomoh (“Wisdom of Solomon). A beautiful poetic book of proverbs in the Apocrypha is The Wisdom of Solomon. It too was written much later, 1 st cent. BCE.
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    Vanity of Vanities The same Hebrew word that gives us Abel, hebel “vapor,” is used for “vanity” in English. “Vanity of vanities” is a biblical superlative. Other biblical superlatives are “Holy of Holies,” (Temple), “Song of Songs” (The Song of Solomon), and “King of Kings.”
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  Under the Sun The sun is a metaphor for heaven. All things under heaven are vanity (vapor) because they do not last. The metaphor builds upon the nature of the sun’s ability to remove water. Only heaven and God endure forever.
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This note was uploaded on 07/01/2010 for the course LIT 3374 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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lit3374pp9 - Ecclesiastes The Gift of Wisdom Son of David...

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