Cognitive psychology homework 2

Cognitive Psychology Homework 2
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Unformatted text preview: ! !"#$%&%'( )*+,-"."#+ /"0(1"23 4 56.&%7.( !-"%,( !"#$%&'( %)# *)+&*# %),% -#.% *+/01#%#. %)# .%,%#/#$% +2 ,$.3#2. %)# 45#.%&+$6 !" Saffran's experiment in which infants controlled how long they heard groups of sounds by how long they looked at a light provided evidence for #" inverse projection. $" feature integration. %" letter analysis. &" statistical learning. '" A masking stimulus #" highlights a target stimulus by blocking irrelevant surrounding information. %" cues attention to a specific area of the visual field. $" is always the first stimulus that appears during an experimental trial. &" stops further processing of another stimulus. (" )*+,#- ./0/$0*1, 23/145 $#, %/ &/6$4*%/& #6 # 03/1457 #" 83*$3 /,&146/6 03/ 9/031& 1: $1,60#,0 60*9;-* *, /-*$*0*,+ 4/6<1,6/6" %" 83*$3 6;++/606 4/6<1,6/6 $#, %/60 %/ 9/#6;4/& ;6*,+ 03/ #=/4#+/ /4414" $" *, 83*$3 034/631-& &/0/49*,#0*1, *6 ;,&/46011& #6 # &/$*6*1, 9#>*,+ <41$/66" &" 83*$3 ;6/6 <65$31<356*$#- 9/031&6 01 6$#-/ 14 9/#6;4/ 60*9;-;6 9#+,*0;&/" ?" 23/ <41%#%*-*05 1: # 4/6<1,6/ *, # 6*+,#- &/0/$0*1, /@</4*9/,0 *6 #::/$0/& %5 83*$3 1: 03/ :1--18*,+A #" B%6/4=/4 910*=#0*1," $" C-- 1: 03/6/" /" B%6/4=/4 /@</$0#0*1," %" D1,/ 1: 03/6/" &" E/6<1,6/ %*#6" F" In the interactive activation model for recognizing letters #" the visual system has to determine which letter unit is activated most strongly. %" only one letter unit is activated. $" the visual system has to determine which feature unit is activated most strongly. &" only one feature unit is activated for a particular letter. G" The word superiority effect refers to the finding that #" real words like "blow" are perceived more rapidly than nonsense letter strings like "blorg". %" high-frequency words can be read more rapidly than low-frequency words. $" it is easier to identify a word when it is in a sentence than when it is alone. &" letters are easier to identify when they are part of a word than when they are alone. H" "Every stimulus pattern is seen in such a way that the resulting structure is as simple as possible" refers to which Gestalt law? #" similarity %" common fate $" familiarity &" good figure I" EBJ $;4=/6 05<*$#--5 <-107 #" :#-6/ #-#496 =6 9*66/6" $" 3*06 =6 9*66/6" %" 4/K/$0*1,6 =6 3*06" &" 3*06 =6 :#-6/ #-#496" ' L" 23/ 9*,*9;9 *,0/,6*05 1: # 60*9;-;6 ,//&/& :14 *06 &/0/$0*1, *6 >,18, #6 03/7 #" #%61-;0/ =#-;/" $" #%61-;0/ 034/631-&" %" &*::/4/,$/ 034/631-&" &" 6;%-*9*,#- M;10*/,0" !N" In the "Finding Faces in a Landscape" demonstration in your text, once you perceive a particular grouping of rocks as a face, it is often difficult NOT to perceive them this way. This is due to #" a shift in your attentional focus. $" your prior knowledge. %" ...
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