Death penalty-Capital Punishment

Death penalty-Capital Punishment - Death Penalty-Capital...

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Death Penalty-Capital Punishment 1 Running head: DEATH PENALTY-CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN USA Death Penalty – Capital Punishment in USA Munkhchuluun Tseveljav Strayer University LEG 500- Law, Ethics, and Corporate Governance Professor Floyd, P March 01, 2010
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Death Penalty-Capital Punishment 2 Death Penalty – Capital Punishment From the 16 th century to the present, the death penalty is still legal. Michigan was the first state to abolish capital punishment in 1846. During the period of 1608 and 1991, the U.S had executed 15,269 people. The Supreme Court was suspended capital punishment in 1972. In 1976, the Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty but the states were to choose whether or not to have the death penalty. Each state could then decide whether or not to have the death penalty. As of the October 2002, only 12 states plus the District of Columbia that had abolished capital punishment. Since reinstating the death penalty, Texas holds the largest number of executions. It has executed 449 people since 1976 and 355 are inmates on the death row. Virginia State is the second largest jurisdiction that had executed 105 people and has 17 inmates on the death row since 1976. Including Texas and Virginia, there are 37 states in total that are still legal of capital punishment since reinstated. There are many different crimes that lead to capital punishment. The highest degree of murder, rape, kidnap, assault, hijack, espionage, and excessive use of weapon are different types of crime that can lead to death penalty depending on each state law. In the United States, the legal procedure of the death penalty involves four critical steps: (1) Sentencing, (2) Direct Review, (3) State Collateral Review, and (4) Federal Habeas Corpus. Recently, fifth element of process the Section 1983 Challenge that has become increasingly
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This note was uploaded on 07/03/2010 for the course LEG 500 taught by Professor Sette during the Winter '10 term at Strayer.

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Death penalty-Capital Punishment - Death Penalty-Capital...

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