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POLS 206 Exam 2 Review

POLS 206 Exam 2 Review - POLS 206 Exam 2 Review Chapter 3...

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POLS 206 Exam 2 Review Chapter 3- Federalism Political Systems- Confederal, Unitary, Federal Confederacy - central gov’t is not sovereign, no power from citizens, regional gov’t have the power, regions can withdraw at any time. Ex-United Nations Unitary - only the central govt is sovereign, Ex cities, counties, school districts compared to state Federalism - a political system in which regional governments share power with the national government—helps by not letting the national gov’t get to powerful -Tenth Amendment- powers “not delegated to the United States by the Constitution , nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.” -some powers of different levels are independent of other levels and powers are given directly from constitution Conservative- like states rights, social issues want national intervention Advantages- Dispersal of Power: among branches of government but also levels of government Accommodation of Diverse Interests: regional gov’t power allows local interests to have power and priorities Policy Experimentation: variation of laws and public policy across states, like a lab for the national gov’t Disadvantages- Factions: majority factions can dominate the gov’t mostly at the lower levels Complexity and Inefficiency: variation in state laws, coordination of intergovernmental action Accountability: variation ca make it harder to make someone responsible for something Ex. Hurricane Katrina, who did wrong president, Governor, mayor??? Powers of National Gov’t Congress (Article 1 Section 8)- levy and collect taxes, borrow $, regulate interstate commerce, coin money, declare war, raise/support army and navy, powers vary according to the interpretaton -Enumerated Powers: specific grants of power -Implied Powers: cant list every detail of every power McCulloch v. Maryland - can central gov’t create a national bank -yes “necessary and proper clause” State Powers - don’t receive specific powers from the US constitution, if its not delegated to national gov’t then is state power, state authority come from state constitutions - Police Power - authority to pass laws for health, safety, and morals for citizens - Concurrent Powers -powers both state and national gov’t can exercise (tax and borrow money
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- devolution -policies that shift power back to states and localities States Rights -central gov’t will protect them against invasion or insurrection, republican form of gov’t, equal representation, equal power and authority, Obligations of the States -Article 4 Section 1:
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POLS 206 Exam 2 Review - POLS 206 Exam 2 Review Chapter 3...

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