Ch. 12 Personality - ThePsychoanalyticPerspective...

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The Psychoanalytic Perspective The Humanistic Perspective The Trait Theory Perspective The “Big 5” model Personality Assessment Personality inventories Projective tests P P ersonality ersonality
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P P sychoanalytic Perspective (Sigmund Freud) sychoanalytic Perspective (Sigmund Freud) First theory of personality (late 1880s – ) on gratification of unconscious, sexual  desires in 5 “ psychosexual stages Three parts of the adult personality emerge: ID – operates on “pleasure principle” EGO – operates on “reality principle” SUPEREGO – what we  ought  to do (our conscience)
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Psychoanalytic Perspective, cont. Psychoanalytic Perspective, cont. Maladaptive behavior in the adult  results from  fixation  – locking  into the pleasure-seeking  characteristics of an earlier  stage Fixation results from over, or  under-gratification in the earlier  stages.
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Ch. 12 Personality - ThePsychoanalyticPerspective...

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