38 Conversion and Reactor Sizing Chap. 2 Definition of X 2.1 Definition of Conversion In defining conversion, we choose one of the reactants as the basis of calcula- tion and then late the other species involved in the reaction to this basis. In virtually all instances it is best to choose the limiting reactant as the basis of calculation. We develop the stoichiometric relationships and design equations by considering the general reaction The uppercase letters represent chemical species and the lowercase letters rep- resent stoichiometric coefficients. Taking species A as our basis of c~lcularion, we divide the reaction expression through by the stoichiometric coefficient of species A. in order to arrange the reaction expression in the form to put every quantity on a "per mole of A basis. our limiting reactant. Now we ask such questions as "How can we quantify how far a reaction [e.g., Equation (2-2)] proceeds to the right?" or "Mow many moles of C are formed for every mole A consumedr'
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