Explicit documentation accomplishes two things:
(a) it provides the information necessary to produce the prod-
uct in the appropriate fashion
(b) if the product we produce does not perform as we antici-
pated, the documentation provides the basis for Fnding
and correcting the problems in a logical manner.
Product deFnition includes engineering drawings, written
speciFcations, bill-of-materials, formulas, portion control docu-
ments, scripts, insurance policies, etc.
Investment, market share, product life cycle, and breadth of
the product line are all linked to the product decision.
Once a manufactured product is deFned, the documents used
Time-based competition uses a competitive strategy of getting
products to market rapidly and may include rapid design, efFcient
delivery systems, and JIT manufacturing.
Joint ventures are combined ownership between two Frms to
form a new entity with a new mission. Alliances are cooperative
agreements that allow Frms to remain independent, but use com-
plementing strengths to pursue strategies that support their indi-
Japanese—integrate product development into one organiza-
tion; Traditional—different phases of development done in dis-
tinct departments; Champion (or Product Manager)—a manager
shepherds the product through the development process; Teams—
product development teams, design for manufacturability teams,
value engineering teams. This last version seems to work best in
Robust design means the product is designed so that small
variations in production or assembly do not adversely affect the
CAD beneFts: maintain various kinds of engineering stan-
dards; check interference on parts that must Ft together; and efF-
ciently analyze existing and new designs for technical attributes
such as strength, stress, and heat transfer.
A bill of materials lists the components, their description,
and the quantity of each required to make one unit of the product.
An engineering drawing shows the dimensions, tolerances,
materials, and Fnishes of a component.
An assembly chart shows in schematic form how a product
is assembled. Along with a list of the operations necessary to pro-
duce a component, the process sheet includes speciFc methods of
operation and labor standards.
The moment-of-truth is the moment that exempliFes, de-
tracts from, or enhances the customer’s expectations.
House of Quality is a rigorous method aimed at that speciFc
result. It identiFes customer wants, and relates them to product at-
tributes and Frm abilities. It orders the wants and measures the
strength of the links between wants and attributes.