II God _ Religious Belief

II God _ Religious Belief - II. l Introduction...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
II. God and Religious Belief l Introduction
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Getting God out  of the closet l One of the views handed down to us from the 18th-century  movement called the “Enlightenment” is that religion is a  private matter l This view was promoted by people who didn’t much like  religion l In modern philosophy, we try to get everything on the table l If  there are good reasons for thinking God exists, let’s talk  about them l If  there are good reasons for disbelieving in God, let’s talk  about them too
Image of page 2
Pro and Con l Give me some reasons for believing that God  exists l Hint: Citing a sacred text won’t help l Such texts do not try to prove God’s existence to  anyone l Only “the fool says in his heart there is no God.” l NB: Small group?
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Pro and Con l Give me some reasons for thinking there is no  God l Even if you’re a theist, you know there are  arguments on the other side
Image of page 4
In philosophy,  l we try to start with premises and assumptions  that many or most people would find  reasonable l See if we can logically work our way to some  conclusion
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
So, can we  prove  that  God exists? l ANS: Doubtful Q: Can we have  good reasons  for thinking that God  exists? l ANS: Yes, it’s at least possible l cf. “Can we have good reasons for thinking that electrons  exist?” l Sure.  No proof, but seldom have proof  of anything l I can’t prove that the Vikings landed in Greenland centuries  before Columbus l But this does seem to be the best explanation for things we do 
Image of page 6
The real question is this:   l Do  we have good reasons for thinking that  God exists? l In other words, should a rational person believe  that God is real? l There are a number of arguments for the  existence of God l Most of them simply aren’t any good l Not just my view
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A. Flew, Hare, and Mitchell  Debate
Image of page 8
Flew: The Parable of the  Invisible Gardener l Claim: “A gardener exists and tends a plot here.” l Every time they fail to detect him, another reason is given  for why they failed but should still believe l “He only tends the garden at night.  He doesn’t have  any scent….” l In the end, the gardener is supposed to exist but is  completely undetectable l No noticeable difference between the invisible  gardener and no gardener whatsoever  l Flew’s Conclusion: theism, likewise, is a bold hypothesis 
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
No way to disprove   l Smith declares, “God loves us like a father  loves his child” l Yet children suffer in ways that their human  parents would prevent if they could l So, does human suffering prove that God is not like a  human father?
Image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern