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Midterm, 380WI99

Midterm, 380WI99 - 6 Describe the positivist’s programme...

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PHIL 380 Midterm WI’99 Short Answer. The questions are designed to be answered in 2-3 well-crafted sentences. 1. W.V. Quine argued that every claim, including those about observations, contain ceteris paribus clauses. What did he mean by that? 2. What does it mean for two theories to be empirically adequate? 3. Why did Reichenbach say that coordinative definitions aren’t true (or false)? 4. What is token physicalism? 5. Say mental states supervene on brain states. If you and I have difference brain states, can I conclude that we also have different mental states? Why or why not? Essay Questions. The questions are designed to be answered in 1-2 paragraphs.
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Unformatted text preview: 6. Describe the positivist’s programme in terms of observation terms, theoretical terms, and correspondence rules. 7. Explain in detail the difference between accepting and believing a scientific theory, according to van Fraassen. Does this distinction have any impact on the day-to-day work of research scientists? Why or why not? 8. Explain the difference between the Quine-Duhem Thesis and the underdetermination of theory by data. 9. Explain Fodor’s notion of a “natural kind” and its relation to a law of nature....
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