ANTH106-Coca-text-version-of-notes-outline - ANTH 106:...

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ANTH 106: Political Economy of Coca and Cocaine Traditional uses of coca in Andean region Coca chewing part of Indian culture before and during Inca Empire (12 th -16 th century). Religious significance of coca for Incas. In Bolivia and Peru, coca continues to have religious significance, as well as a work stimulant and medicine. Growth of global market for coca and cocaine International demand for coca and cocaine began in 1860s with growth of market in U.S. and Europe for tonic medicines and drinks e.g. Vin Mariani, Coca Cola. (See Robson, Forbidden Drugs, chapt 6) Cocaine extracted from coca in 1860 by German chemist and promoted by pharmaceutical industry in U.S. and Europe. Recreational consumption of cocaine also increased. Europe: restricted in 1886; US: not until early 1900s (1903: no more cocaine in Coca-Cola) Expanding international demand for coca and cocaine encouraged cultivation of coca outside South America. Dutch East Indies was the major producer of coca from 1911 to late 1920s. Bolivia and Peru regained pre-eminence in coca production after World War II. Colombia has also become a major coca producer.
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This note was uploaded on 07/06/2010 for the course ANTHRO ANTHRO 106 taught by Professor Lisawynn during the Three '10 term at Macquarie.

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ANTH106-Coca-text-version-of-notes-outline - ANTH 106:...

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