ANTH106-Cannabis-text-version-of-lecture-notes-outline

ANTH106-Cannabis-text-version-of-lecture-notes-outline -...

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ANTH106 : Cannabis, 2010 Week 4 Lecture, Lisa Wynn CANNABIS BACKGROUND Botanical names : Cannabis sativa and Cannabis Indica Active ingredient : Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol Main forms: a. Marijuana: dried flowering tops and leaves of harvested plant b. Sinsemilla marijuana: female plants, not fertilised c. Hashish (hash): dried cannabis resin and compressed flowers d. Hashish oil: high potency substance extracted from hashish e. Hemp: use (mainly fibre from plant stalk) for industrial purposes. CANNABIS: A BRIEF HISTORY Originated in Central Asia Mentioned in ancient medical and religious Chinese and Indian texts In the West cannabis used (as hemp fibre) initially for practical purposes : e.g. ship sails and ropes and cloth W.B. O’Shaughnessy is credited with introduction of medical use of cannabis. Between 1842-1900 over 100 reports published on therapeutic qualities of cannabis. Recreational use in the West: b. Hashish bars in Europe and USA (second half 19 th cent.) SYMBOLIC DIMENSIONS OF CANNABIS LEGISLATION Himmelstein (‘From Killer Weed to Drop-Out Drug’ LR 34): ‘Moral entrepreneurs’: moral crusaders who play a key role in drug legislation by influencing public images of a drug (e.g. Harry Anslinger). ‘Social locus’: the social position (e.g. class, ethnic, generational) position of the drug users. ‘Symbolic politics’: drugs and drug prohibition as ‘symbolic counters in wider social conflicts’. Drugs as political scapegoats.
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Cannabis ( ganja ) in Jamaica and class conflict : See Rubin & Comitas The Ganja Complex , 1975) and M. Booth Cannabis: A History. Introduced by indentured Indian labourers in 1830s and quickly spread to black population (former slaves). Ganja : a scapegoat for elite and middle-class anxieties about deviant behaviour (crime, violence, laziness) of poor working class (including Rastafarians). 1937 Anslinger (FBN) pressured British colonial authorities in Jamaica to introduce mandatory minimum sentences for cannabis possession. Rastafarianism: Founded by Marcus Garvey: political activist for black rights in Jamaica, England and USA. Belief in black messiah: Emperor Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari Makonnen).
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