ANTH106-week3-lecture2-War-on-Drugs-supply-and-demand.ppt

ANTH106-week3-lecture2-War-on-Drugs-supply-and-demand.ppt -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style ANTH 106 The War on Drugs From Supply-Side Strategies to Demand Reduction Approaches
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Historical development (Check out Mother Jones’ great timeline on the U.S. War on Drugs: http://motherjones.com/politics/2009/07/altered-state ) President Nixon initiated modern ‘war on drugs’ in early 1970s. He expanded the punitive approach to illicit drugs through new laws, increased funding and enlargement of the anti-drug bureaucracy. Nixon also extended drug war abroad to strike at sources of supply.
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Drug war supply-side strategy Anti-drug agencies target illicit drugs at their source by pressuring foreign governments to eliminate these drugs and destroy refining facilities. Anti-drug agencies attempt to intercept illicit drugs en route or at the borders of the U.S. and other Western countries. Drug enforcement agents and police try to locate, arrest and prosecute drug dealers and seize drug supplies. Assumption : Law enforcement measures will
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Drug war failure U.S. federal budget for drug law enforcement: 1970: $53 million 1995: $8.2 billion 2003: $19 billion (only $1.6 billion for treatment and rehabilitation) Failure at home: Heroin addicts in U.S. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 US $ spent on drug law enforcement 0 5 10 15 Heroin addicts
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Drug war failure Failure abroad: a. Coca cultivation in S.America decreased 15% between 1990 and 2005 and has stabilised since 2003. Moderate decline in coca production has been offset by significant increase in opium production in Colombia. b. Global illicit opium production has increased more than 8x between 1980 and 2007.
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Drug War failure Coca cultivation in Silver Triangle 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Source: UNODCCP (2003) Colombia: Country Profile Note: UN reports show that in Colombia, production dropped 28% in 2008, while in
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Drug war failure Global opium production (in metric tons) 1990 2000 2006 3,760 4,691 6,500 Global coca leaf production (in metric tons)
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Drug war failure Causes of failure: ‘hydra effect’ or ‘balloon effect’. Examples:
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ANTH106-week3-lecture2-War-on-Drugs-supply-and-demand.ppt -...

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