Bild2study#1 - BILD 2 Study Sheet #1 Chapters 40-43 1. How...

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BILD 2 Study Sheet #1 Chapters 40-43 1. How does anatomy and physiology differ? How are they interrelated? 2. Describe and give examples how environmental and physical limitations contribute to animal body shape, function, and evolution. 3. What are the levels of organization in living organisms? Which levels do physiology generally cover? 4. What are the basic characteristics that define a cell, tissue, organ, and organ system? 5. Define homeostasis. 6. Define pathophysiology and explain how it differs from physiology. 7. Briefly explain the four major themes in physiology: Homeostasis; Biological energy use; Structure-function relationships; Communication. 8. List and describe the defining features of the four major tissue types. 9. List and describe the defining features of the six major classes of epithelial tissues 10. List and describe the defining features of how cells connect to one another and to the matrix to form tissues. 11. Compare and contrast exocrine and endocrine glands. 12. Name and briefly define the 10 physiological organ systems. 13. Describe and give examples of negative and positive feedback loops. 14. Describe ways in which homeostatic set points are routinely changed 15. Describe the various ways of heat exchange between an organism and its environment. 16. Describe the advantages and disadvantages between endothermic and ectothermic organisms. 17. Discuss what is meant by poililotherms and homeotherms, and why cold-blooded and warm- blooded may be considered archaic descriptions. 18. Describe, in detail, the various thermoregulatory adaptations animals have developed to regulate heat exchange. 19. Describe the thermoregulation performed by the hypothalamus. 20. Describe the basic units of bioenergetics and discuss how physical and behavioral variations between animals shape their use of energy. 21. Describe why heterotrophs need to eat and digest food. What kind of energy is provided by food? 22. Describe the basic components that make up proteins; Compare and contrast complete proteins and incomplete proteins. Which foods offer the most abundant sources of complete proteins? What are some precautions that vegetarians must take to ensure proper protein intake? 23. Describe the basic structure of lipids. What lipid is the major one used for energy storage? Describe the difference between simple, compound, and derived lipids. 24. Define and be able to identify monosaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids,
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2010 for the course BIOLOGY bild 2 taught by Professor Schroeder during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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Bild2study#1 - BILD 2 Study Sheet #1 Chapters 40-43 1. How...

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