Comprehensive Grammar

Comprehensive Grammar - Routledge Comprehensive Grammars...

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Unformatted text preview: Routledge Comprehensive Grammars Comprehensive Grammars are available for the following languages: Cantonese Catalan Chinese Danish Dutch Greek Indonesian Japanese Modern Welsh Modern Written Arabic Slovene Swedish Ukrainian Titles of related interest Basic Chinese: A Grammar and Workbook by Yip Po-Ching and Don Rimmington Intermediate Chinese: A Grammar and Workbook by Yip Po-Ching and Don Rimmington Colloquial Chinese by Kan Qian CHINESE: A COMPREHENSIVE GRAMMAR Yip Po-Ching and Don Rimmington Routledge Taylor &. Francis Group LONDON AND NEW YORK First published 2004 by Routledge 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group © 2004 Yip Po-Ching and Don Rimmington Typeset in Times by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong Printed and bound in Great Britain by TJ International Ltd, Padstow, Cornwall All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Yip, Po-Ching, 1935-Chinese : a comprehensive grammar / Yip Po-Ching and Don Rimmington. p. cm. - (Routledge comprehensive grammars) 1. Chinese language-Grammar. I. Title. II. Series. PL1107.Y56 2003 495.1'82421-dc21 2003010198 ISBN 0-415-15031-0 (hbk) ISBN 0-415-15032-9 (pbk) CONTENTS Acknowledgements xiv List of Abbreviations xv Introduction xvi 1 Nouns and Nominalisations 1 1.1 Nouns and categorisation 1 1.1.1 Common nouns 1 1.1.2 Material nouns 3 1.1.3 Collective nouns 4 1.1.4 Abstract nouns 5 1.1.5 Proper nouns 5 1.1.6 Temporal and spatial nouns 6 1.2 Nouns and reference 7 1.2.1 Definite or indefinite/generic reference 7 1.2.2 Exclusive reference 9 1.3 Nouns and plurality 9 1.4 Nouns and syntactic functions 11 1.5 Nouns and semantic fields 13 1.6 Nominalisations 16 2 Numerals and Measures 17 2.1 Digits, units and cardinal numbers 17 2.2 Ordinals 19 2.3 Enumeration 20 2.4 Fractions, percentages and decimals 20 2.4.1 Fractions 20 2.4.2 Percentages 21 2.4.3 Decimals 21 2.5 Imprecise numbers, halves and multiples 22 2.5.1 Imprecise numbers (^1)iic yueshu) 22 2.5.2 Halves 25 2.5.3 Multiples 25 2.6 Mathematical symbols and simple arithmetic equations 26 2.7 The multiplication table 26 2.8 Measure words 27 2.8.1 Standard measures 27 2.8.2 Classifying measures 32 vi Contents 2.9 Measure words and other attributives 41 2.10 Reduplication of measure words 43 2.11 Missing measure words 44 2.12 Disyllabic measure words 46 2.13 Compound measure words 46 2.14 Duration and frequency measures 46 Pronouns, Pronominals and Pro-words 47 3.1 Personal pronouns 3....
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Comprehensive Grammar - Routledge Comprehensive Grammars...

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