Lecture26_OilandGas

Lecture26_OilandGas - There will be no GEO 303 lecture next...

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There will be no GEO 303 lecture next Thursday!
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EOLOGY OF OIL AND GAS
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The simplest hydrocarbon molecule is methane, the chief ingredient of natural gas. Methane has a single carbon atom in the “chain.”
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Composition of Petroleum Common Name # of Carbon Atoms % of Crude Oil Gasoline 5-10 27% Kerosene 11-13 13% Diesel 14-18 12% Heavy gas oil 19-25 10% Lubricating oil 26-40 20% Heavy fractions >40 18% Called Fossil Fuels…
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Why so little oil in Turkey? The latest Turkey Oil & Gas Report from BMI forecasts that the country will account for 5.97% of Middle Eastern and African regional oil demand by 2011, while providing an insignificant contribution to supply .
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Geological requirements… 1. Source rock 2. Reservoir rock 3. Cap rock 4. Petroleum trap 5. Temperature range 6. Time
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Source rock
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Ideal Source Rock Rocks in which hydrocarbons form  Sedimentary Shale or siltstone formed under oxygen poor  environment  Limestone rocks should be composed of between 1%  and 5% organic carbon Temperatures of up to 302F (150C) are  considered optimal for petroleum generation.
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Upper Eocene oil source rocks outcrop near Tbilisi,  Georgia. Those samples which on heating produce more  than about 2 kg of oil per ton of rock
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Ideal Reservoir Rock Rocks in which oil from the source rock 
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2010 for the course GEO geo taught by Professor Long during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas.

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Lecture26_OilandGas - There will be no GEO 303 lecture next...

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