Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Communication & Its Disorders...

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Communication vs. Language -Communication: -Exchange of information -A form of social behavior -Language -A system of symbols and codes used in communication -A form of social behavior shaped and maintained by a community -Language need not be spoken or oral; it may be non-oral (gestures, symbols, or both) (e.g., American Sign Language) -Language separates animal communication from human communication Five Components of Human Communication -Voice -The sound source for speech -Produced in the larynx, a structure in the neck -Larynx: Contains the vocal folds, which are thing folds of muscle that vibrate and produce voicing -Resonance: The sound source is shaped or modified in the throat, mouth, and nose -Articulation -The movement of the speech mechanism to produce the sounds of speech -Phoneme: A group of speech sounds -Important for conveying differences in meaning (bat vs. mat) -When you change a phoneme in a word, the meaning often changes -Combine to form words -Each language has permissible combinations of phonemes -Phonetics – describes the production, perception, and classification of speech sounds -Phonology – the study of speech sounds and patterns -Primarily concerned with broader rules and processes that govern sound patterns, their acquisition and use, and the knowledge that underlies the use of sound systems -Language -There is no universally accepted definition of language -Language may be defined either as a
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2010 for the course COMD 2081 taught by Professor Domma during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Communication & Its Disorders...

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